The concept of the lunar base in the crater

The internal structure of the craters can be a great place to deploy an inhabited lunar base

Current plans for long-term exploration of the Solar System include the Moon as an important stage for manned missions as well as technology development. Work is already underway, in particular on the LOP-G station, which will fly in elliptical orbit around the Moon. In addition, the U.S. agency NASA provides a number of contracts for the construction of bases of different sizes, and ESA proposes to create a "lunar village".

All modern concepts and plans have one common element - missions in the vicinity of our natural satellite should be conducted regularly, and eventually a base should be created on the surface of the Moon.

The European Space Agency (ESA) is supporting the Newspace2060 International Pitch Moon initiative. One interesting concept that has been submitted to the competition is the use of craters to build a base there. The concept involves the installation of inflatable modules at the bottom of the crater and the gradual backfilling of the lunar soil. This makes it possible to create a relatively large inhabited base with simultaneous protection of astronauts from radiation and large temperature differences between lunar day and night. This is the concept we present below.

Of course, this solution brings with it a number of problems. For example, placing the first module at the bottom of a crater can be difficult.

Caves can also be used on the moon, which can be several tens of metres wide and several tens of kilometres long. Inside, there should be suitable conditions for the construction of bases, in particular with regard to temperature stability and radiation protection.

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