Six new strains of coronavirus have been detected in three species of bats

Scientists continue to explore the wildlife for strains of coronavirus. They have been able to detect new mutated strains of dangerous respiratory disease, which have been detected in the organisms of three types of bats. All three species live in Myanmar. The newly identified links are not closely related to COVID-19 and therefore are not considered deadly by scientists.

But this can only happen until the virus strain begins to transmit from animals to humans. This research is being done by Haripur University experts. They draw attention to the fact that virus epidemics are a reminder of how human health depends on wildlife and the environment.

Mark Vallitutto, a former wildlife veterinarian with the Smithsonian Global Health Program and lead author of the study, believes that science needs to learn as much as possible about animal viruses and how they mutate and spread, thus making it possible to prevent pandemics.

Identifying bats with new strains of coronavirus was helped by a long study that exposed nearly 470 bats of eleven different species. The samples were taken from different locations in Myanmar, where people come into close contact with wildlife due to changes in land use and recreational and cultural activities.

Close by are the cave systems, the favorite habitat of bats. The laboratory analyzed the genetic sequences from the collected samples. Then they were compared with the genomes of known coronaviruses.

Six new viruses were detected in three bat species, as well as an additional coronavirus, which was found elsewhere in Southeast Asia. Bats play an important role in the planet's ecosystem, they dispersal wild plant seeds, are pollinators and control insect populations.

But due to human invasion of the natural habitat of bats, there is a greater risk of zoonotic pathogens. Many animal viruses pose no risk to humans, but they mutate and have been shown to cause epidemics.

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