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A melting Norwegian glacier has uncovered a treasure trove of ancient Viking artifacts

In the Jotunheim mountains in Norway, at an altitude of about 1800 meters, the Landbrin glacier has been melting for the past two decades and has been accumulating its mass for centuries.  The geographical location of the glacier and all the finds indicate that about a thousand years ago, the local mountain pass was an expensive Viking road for intensive trade. It was in demand until the Black Plague that swept Europe in the 14th century destroyed trade unions and communications.



Over the years, artifacts from the IV-XVI centuries A.D. have been discovered on a rocky, icy area that occupied 35 football fields. The ice cover retains any organic materials that would otherwise have been lost to weathering. Items made of leather, bones, wood and wool are found here in excellent condition. Archaeologists found shoes, mittens and clothes (even a whole woolen tunic from the third century AD); a wooden chest; a sledge; a petticoat that could well serve as a tent peg; a small knife; old horseshoes.



It was the presence of horseshoes that suggested that this was nothing but an ancient road. There were also found pyramids made of stones - road signs for travelers. "It is now clear that Landbrin was a regional transport artery from the Roman Iron Age (1-400) until the end of the Middle Ages (1050-1537)," say archaeologists working here.


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