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Humanity survived because ancient monkeys learned to take alcohol



British scientists from Oxford University have hypothesized that man owes his origin and rise above the wildlife world to the ability of our distant ancestors to carry alcohol. We are talking about a period of about 10 million years ago, when among the ancient predecessors of monkeys there was a division into the actual monkeys and primates. One of the genetic features of the latter was the ability to assimilate ethanol, which, oddly enough, became the key to the development of civilization.

The activity and survival of animals depends on their diet. An excellent example is the panda - these clumsy and overtly vulnerable animals did not fall victim to evolution only because they did not compete with anyone for food. They are almost the only ones who have adapted to eat bamboo, so hard and low-calorie that no one perceives it as food. But the productivity of bamboo is enormous, and therefore pandas have been provided with food for millennia.

Monkeys are often omnivorous, but they prefer immature, stiff and fibrous fruits. Primates, in contrast, managed to survive by eating overripe and fermented, fermented fruits containing ethanol. There is much more easily digestible sugar in such food, it is much more profitable as a source of energy, but ethanol for biological organisms is poison. Primates adapted to calmly tolerate regular intake of this substance and transferred this skill to people.

Light alcohol, simple beer from cereals, rough wine and all kinds of tinctures on sources of sugar, such as honey or fruits, are the basis of the diet of all ancient civilizations. Because ethanol kills germs, and light alcohol for thousands of years has helped solve the problem of a lack of clean water. Plus, it is a convenient source of energy - alcohol by its nature is very high in calories. This was a natural state of affairs until the invention of distillation only a few centuries ago, after which alcohol became really strong and the relationship of people with it took a completely different form.

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