Cons and pros: what are tubeless tires

If in the 90s and early 2000s almost all cars were equipped with tires with cameras, then today the vast majority of cars with tubeless tires. What are they like?

Tires with cameras are the first pneumatic tires to appear in human history. On July 23, 1888, the Scot John Dunlop patented a pneumatic tire, and on August 31 of the same year he received a patent for its use in vehicles. The design was a sealed rubber chamber filled with air, which was wrapped over a rubberized canvas - it simultaneously attached the camera to the wheel rim and protected it from damage.

Since then, the design has not fundamentally changed. In chamber tires, the tire is leaking to the disk and is not able to hold air inside, therefore, a sealed chamber is used for this, which inflates and holds pressure in the wheel, and the tire plays the role of “attaching” to the wheel disk and simultaneously protecting the camera.

With the development of technology, it was possible to create a tubeless tire - it was patented by Paul Litchfield in 1903, but such a tire got to use on production cars only in 1954. Initially, it was considered unsafe, but modern tubeless tires are already devoid of all the shortcomings of their ancestors.

Outwardly tubeless tires do not differ from tires with cameras, but structurally have serious differences. Firstly, the inner coating has a layer of airtight rubber. Secondly, on the outside there is an elastic coating that provides tightness when mounted on a disk. Thirdly, the tire valve fits tightly into the hole in the wheel rim.

Tubeless tires have several advantages. They heat up easier and less in motion - the camera does not rub against the tire and it does not require cooling. Tubeless tires more easily tolerate minor damage due to the fact that the inner and outer layer envelops the object, as it were, while a stretched camera tends to increase it with any damage. In addition, the tubeless tire is easier to repair and does not even require removal from the disk.

At the same time, tubeless tires are extremely demanding on the quality of tire fitting - improper operation can damage the sidewall of the tire and deprive it of tightness - and the geometry of the wheels, since chips or deformation of the edges will not allow to provide the required tightness.

It is important to remember that tubeless tires can be installed only on those drives that are designed to work with them, and you can not mount a camera inside such a tire. The desire to save money in such matters can seriously harm safety, since a car with tubeless tires on inappropriate disks or with a camera in a tubeless tire poses a threat to the driver, passengers and everyone else. Therefore, always select automotive tires in accordance with the requirements of the manufacturer of your car.

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